History[ edit ] Basilica, as seen from the valley below.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Clare the Poor Claresand the lay Third Order. He was also a leader of the movement of evangelical poverty in the early 13th century.
His evangelical zeal, consecration to poverty, charityand personal charisma drew thousands of followers. Catherine of Siena are the patron saints of Italy. He liked to speak French although he never did so perfectly and even attempted to sing in the language.
His youth was most likely without serious moral lapses, and his exuberant love of life and a general spirit of worldliness made him a recognized leader of the young men of the town.
In he took part in a war between Assisi and Perugiawas held prisoner for almost a year, and on his release fell seriously ill. After his recovery, he attempted to join the papal forces under Count Gentile against the emperor Frederick II in Apulia in late On his journey, however, he had a vision or dream that bade him return to Assisi and await the call to a new kind of knighthood.
Several other episodes contributed to his conversion to the apostolic life: Among such episodes, the most important, according to his disciple and first biographer, Thomas of Celano, occurred at the ruined chapel of San Damiano outside the gate of Assisi when Francis heard the crucifix above the altar command him: He then tried to give the money to the priest at San Damiano, whose refusal prompted Francis to throw the money out the window.
Angered, his father kept him at home and then brought him before the civil authorities. When Francis refused to answer the summons, his father called him before the bishop of Assisi. But henceforth I can truly say: Our Father who art in heaven.
Francis renounced worldly goods and family ties to embrace a life of poverty. He repaired the church of San Damiano, refurbished a chapel dedicated to St.
Peter the Apostleand then restored the now-famous little chapel of St. There, on the feast of St. Matthias, February 24,he listened at mass to the account of the mission of Christ to the Apostles from the Gospel According to Matthew And whatever town or villa you enter, find out who is worthy in it, and stay with him until you depart.
This is what I want to do from the bottom of my heart. The Franciscan rule Francis preached to townspeople—even though as a layperson he was without license to do so—and he soon attracted followers.
At first Innocent was hesitant, but, following a dream in which he saw Francis holding up the church of San Giovanni in Laterano, he gave oral approbation to the Franciscan rule of life. This event, which according to tradition, occurred on April 16,marked the official founding of the Franciscan order.
The Friars Minoror Lesser Brothers, as they came to be known, were street preachers with no possessions and only the Porziuncola as a centre.
They preached and worked first in Umbria and then, as their numbers grew rapidly, in the rest of Italy.
This is the key to the character and spirit of St. Francis and helps explain his veneration for the Eucharist the body and blood of Christ and respect for the priests who handled the elements of the communion sacrament. To neglect this point is to present an unbalanced portrait of the saint as a lover of nature, a social worker, an itinerant preacher, and a celebrant of poverty.
Indeed, poverty was so important to Francis that in his last writing, the Testament, composed shortly before his death inhe declared unambiguously that absolute personal and corporate poverty was the essential lifestyle for the members of his order.
It was not, however, mere external poverty he sought but the total denial of self as in the Letter of Paul to the Philippians 2: Francis considered all nature as the mirror of God and as so many steps to God.
He gave a religious habit, or dress, similar to his own to the noblewoman later known as St. Clare Clara of Assisi and then lodged her and a few companions in the church of San Damiano, where they were joined by women of Assisi.Founder of the Franciscan Order, born at Assisi in Umbria, in or — the exact year is uncertain; died there, 3 October, His father, Pietro Bernardone, was a wealthy Assisian cloth merchant.
Of his mother, Pica, little is known, but she is said to have belonged to a noble family of Provence.
Francis was one of several children. The legend that he was born in a stable dates.
Saint Francis Pet Medals Patron Saint of Animals He is known as the Patron Saint of Animals St. Francis of Assisi Dogs and Cats, Dog Tags Cat Tags. St. Francis of Assisi: Saint Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan orders of the Friars Minor, the women’s Order of St.
Clare, and the lay Third Order. He was a leader of the movement of evangelical poverty in the early 13th century and is one of the most venerated religious figures of Roman Catholicism.
Saint Francis of Assisi, O.F.M. Co-patron of Italy, founder of the Seraphic Order; The oldest surviving depiction of Saint Francis is a fresco near the entrance of the Benedictine abbey of Subiaco, painted between March and March He is depicted without the stigmata, but the image is a religious image and not a portrait.
Founder of the Franciscan Order, born at Assisi in Umbria, in In , Pietro Bernardone returned from a trip to France to find out his wife had given birth to a son. Far from being excited or apologetic because he'd been gone, Pietro was furious because she'd had his new son baptized Giovanni after John the Baptist.
The last thing Pietro . Francis was born Giovanni di Bernardore, but because his father called him Francis, so did everyone else. He was baptized shortly after his birth in the town of Assisi in central Italy in His father, Pietro di Bernardone, was a successful cloth merchant, and Francis grew up with a love of fine.