The research aims of any study should both benefit society and minimise social harm The general principle It is the responsibility of both the commissioner of research and the researchers who conduct the work, jointly, to develop a set of research aims and objectives which benefit society and minimise social harm.
The Concept of Respect Among the main questions about respect that philosophers have addressed are these: Philosophers have variously identified it as a mode of behavior, a form of treatment, a kind of valuing, a type of attention, a motive, an attitude, a feeling, a tribute, a principle, a duty, an entitlement, a moral virtue, an epistemic virtue: Can an object come to deserve less or no respect?
What, if anything, does it add to morality over and above the conduct, attitudes, and character traits required or encouraged by various moral principles or virtues? For example, answers concerning one kind of respect can diverge significantly from those about another kind.
Much philosophical work has gone into explicating differences and links among the various kinds. One general distinction is between respect simply as behavior and respect as an attitude or feeling which may or may not be expressed in or signified by behavior.
We might speak of drivers respecting the speed limit, hostile forces as respecting a cease fire agreement, or AIDS as not respecting national borders, and in such cases we can be referring simply to behavior which avoids violation of or interference with some boundary, limit, or rule, without any reference to attitudes, feelings, intentions, or dispositions, and even, as in the case of the AIDS virus, without imputing agency Bird In such cases the behavior is regarded as constitutive of respecting.
In other cases, we take respect to be or to express or signify an attitude or feeling, as when we speak of having respect for another person or for nature or of certain behaviors as showing respect or disrespect.
In what follows, I will focus chiefly on respect as attitude or feeling. Before looking at differences, however, it is useful first to note some elements common among varieties.
An attitude of respect is, most generally, a relation between a subject and an object in which the subject responds to the object from a certain perspective in some appropriate way. Respect necessarily has an object: While a very wide variety of things can be appropriate objects of one kind of respect or another, the subject of respect the respecter is always a person, that is, a conscious rational being capable of recognizing and acknowledging things, of self-consciously and intentionally responding to them, of having and expressing values with regard to them, and of being accountable for disrespecting or failing to respect them.
Though animals may love or fear us, only persons can respect and disrespect us or anything else.
Respecting dignity Dignity covers all aspects of daily life, including respect, privacy, autonomy and self-worth. While dignity may be difficult to define, what is clear is that people know when they have not been treated with dignity and respect. A Research on Respect and the Implications of Disrespecting a Person PAGES 2. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ . This article provides an intellectual archeology of how the term “respect” has functioned in thefield of bioethics. I argue that over time the function of the term has shifted, with a significantturning point occurring in Prior to , the.
Respect is a responsive relation, and ordinary discourse about respect identifies several key elements of the response, including attention, deference, judgment, acknowledgment, valuing, and behavior. The idea of paying heed or giving proper attention to the object which is central to respect often means trying to see the object clearly, as it really is in its own right, and not seeing it solely through the filter of one's own desires and fears or likes and dislikes.
Thus, respecting something contrasts with being oblivious or indifferent to it, ignoring or quickly dismissing it, neglecting or disregarding it, or carelessly or intentionally misidentifying it.
An object can be perceived by a subject from a variety of perspectives; for example, one might rightly regard another human individual as a rights-bearer, a judge, a superlative singer, a trustworthy person, or a threat to one's security.
The respect one accords her in each case will be different, yet all will involve attention to her as she really is as a judge, threat, etc.
It is in virtue of this aspect of careful attention that respect is sometimes thought of as an epistemic virtue. As responsive, respect is object-generated rather than wholly subject-generated, something that is owed to, called for, deserved, elicited, or claimed by the object.
It thus is motivational: In this way respect differs from, for example, liking and fearing, which have their sources in the subject's interests or desires.
When we respect something, we heed its call, accord it its due, acknowledge its claim to our attention. Thus, respect involves deference, in the most basic sense of yielding: At the same time, respect is also an expression of agency: In particular, the subject judges that the object is due, deserves, or rightfully claims a certain response in virtue of some feature of or fact about the object that warrants that response.
This feature or fact is the ground or basis in the object, that in virtue of which it calls for respect. The basis gives us a reason to respect the object; it may also indicate more precisely how to respect it.
Respect is thus reason-governed:IR topics, respect and disrespect cannot be properly understood without focusing simultaneously on an actor’s normative expectations, social needs and emotional reactions.
The promise and challenge of respect research therefore resides in the requirement to systematically integrate these factors and the insights of related ﬁelds of research.
Talk to educators, and they'll all share their commitment to fostering an environment of respect in their schools. This finding was clear from a survey a colleague and I conducted of more than educators in California (Beaudoin & Taylor, , ). A Research on Respect and the Implications of Disrespecting a Person ( words, 2 pages) Plan of DevelopmentBased on our previous experiences and ideas, as well as our experience from critical writing, we have come to understand that the general topic of our research essay will be focused on respect and its implications.
Oct 24, · How to Deal With Disrespectful People In this Article: Article Summary Assessing the Situation Controlling Your Reaction to Disrespectful Behavior Confronting the Other Person Community Q&A When you encounter someone who is being rude or disrespectful, it's hard to know how to react%(21).
How to Respect Yourself and Others. R-E-S-P-E-C-T Before granting the highest level of self-respect or respect for others, make sure the person is worthy of the honor. with all of its creative and spiritual implications, is the essence of the human experience.
Choice is the process of creation itself.". Respect and Disrespect in International Politics: the Significance of Status Recognition Reinhard Wolf International Theory () 3: 1, pp.