First, her poems are lyrics—brief, deeply felt, personal verses to be sung or chanted to the strumming of a lyre.
See Article History Alternative Title: Psappho Sappho, also spelled in the Aeolic dialect spoken by the poet Psappho, born c. She ranks with Archilochus and Alcaeusamong Greek poets, for her ability to impress readers with a lively sense of her personality.
Her language contains elements from Aeolic vernacular speech and Aeolic poetic tradition, with traces of epic vocabulary familiar to readers of Homer.
Her phrasing is concise, direct, and picturesque. She has the ability to stand aloof and judge critically her own ecstasies and grief, and her emotions lose nothing of their force by being recollected in tranquillity.
Legends about Sappho abound, many having been repeated for centuries.
She is said, for example, to have been married to Cercylas, a wealthy man from the island of Andros. But many scholars challenge this claim, finding evidence in the Greek words of the bawdry of later Comic poets.
Most modern critics also consider it legend that Sappho leaped from the Leucadian rock to certain death in the sea because of her unrequited love of Phaon, a younger man and a sailor.
She had at least two brothers, Larichus and Charaxus, and may have had a third. A fragment from Sappho that is dedicated to Charaxus has survived.
The tradition that she fled the island or was banished and went to Sicily may be true, but she lived most of her life in her hometown of Mytilene on Lesbos. Her work contains only a few apparent allusions to the political disturbances of the time, which are so frequently reflected in the verse of her contemporary Alcaeus.
Sappho herself attacks in her poems other thiasoi directed by other women. The goal of the Sapphic thiasos is the education of young women, especially for marriage. Sappho is the intimate and servant of the goddess and her intermediary with the girls. In the ode to Aphrodite, the poet invokes the goddess to appear, as she has in the past, and to be her ally in persuading a girl she desires to love her.
In the thiasos the girls were educated and initiated into grace and elegance for seduction and love. Singing, dancing, and poetry played a central role in this educational process and other cultural occasions.
As was true for other female communitiesincluding the Spartan, and for the corresponding masculine institutions, the practice of homoeroticism within the thiasos played a role in the context of initiation and education.
There is a personal poetic dimension, which is also collective because all the girls of the group recognize themselves in it. It is not known how her poems were published and circulated in her own lifetime and for the following three or four centuries.
In the era of Alexandrian scholarship 3rd and 2nd centuries bcewhat survived of her work was collected and published in a standard edition of nine books of lyrical verse, divided according to metre.
This edition did not endure beyond the early Middle Ages. By the 8th or 9th century ce Sappho was represented only by quotations in other authors. Only the ode to Aphrodite, 28 lines long, is complete.
The next longest fragment is 16 lines long.Eros: The Greek God of Love. This link provides information about Eros, the love god, and many explanations as why he is considered the love god! The Isle of Lesbos (Another classmate's interpretation of Sappho's poetry after C It takes a different twist on girlhood and womanhood.).
Sappho was born on the Greek island of Lesbos sometime between and BCE (from the evidence of several different conflicting sources) and it seems that she had already become quite famous by around BCE or just after.
Many of the biographical fragments we have been able to piece together are taken from her own poetry and . In Greek, the Hellenistic poet Nossis was described by Marylin B. Skinner as an imitator of Sappho, and Kathryn Gutzwiller argues that Nossis explicitly positioned herself as an inheritor of .
To conclude, both Furley and Page made a great contribution to the secondary literature on Sappho 31, but Page’s interpretation seems to be too outdated to be relevant anymore. Furley’s interpretation appears to be a solid one with its theoretical framework.
Sappho’s poetry is similar to everyday speech, raised to great expressiveness. One feature of Sappho’s lyrics is the anxiety of her persona, who typically displays some heightened emotional state. Analysis Essay- Sappho Sappho’s poem, “To an Army Wife, in Sardis”, is one of the few poems of the Greek poetess from the 7th century B.C., which was saved for posterity.