Have a suggestion to improve this page? To leave a general comment about our Web site, please click here Share this page with your network. Film, Freud and Fitzgerald: A Psychoanalytical Critique of The Great Gatsby and Jazz Age Values byMiles Greene Background and Relevance Emeryville Emeryville, a small city of less than 1, residents, rests in the near-center of the Bay Area, a region in California known for its diversity and social politics as much as its wide income gap.
Jowell H H Beh Running head: A Critical Comparison Personality psychology is typically a prime focus of many psychology theories. Some of the more renowned theories include the traits theory, the biopsychological theory, the social learning theory, the humanistic theory, the behavioural theory and the psychoanalytic theory.
In this paper, a comparison of the two most contradictory theories of personality psychology is made — the Psychoanalytic and the Humanistic theories. Psychoanalytic Theory The Psychoanalytic theory explains behaviour in terms of the interaction of various components of personality.
The psychic energy is defined as a wellspring of motivation that motivates people to do, or not to do a particular thing. Freud believed that there were strong forces that provided all the energy required in the psychic system, naming them, instincts.
He then brought together the self-preservation and sexual instincts into one, and he called it as libido, meaning, life instincts. In the beginning, Freud taught that the human mind consist of three parts — the conscious, preconscious and unconscious.
According to Freudthe conscious mind is the part that contains all our present thoughts, feelings and perceptions. The preconscious mind exists to store memories and information that we are not presently thinking about, but could be easily retrieved and made conscious.
He stressed that every perception, behaviours and feelings are the expression of the mind — conscious, preconscious and unconscious all together. He believed that there is always a reason behind every incident, and that the reasons for that particular incident can be revealed, if the contents of the unconscious are examined.
He later developed the three elements of psychic apparatus to explain how the human mind works on creating and satisfying our urges. Those three elements were termed, the id, ego and superego Snowden, Humanistic The Humanistic approach in psychology was a reaction towards the Psychoanalytic theory.
They emphasize on the conscious awareness of needs, choices and personal responsibility of the individual Lahey, They also underline the personal worth of the particular individual, the centrality of human values, and the creative and active nature of human beings McLeod, Self-concept is our perception and understanding of who we are.
They believed that it is how we view ourselves that is important to our personality.
Rogers differentiates between two self-concept, the self — the person we think we are, and the ideal-self — the person we wish we were. Later Maslow coined a term, self-actualization. Comparison and Contrast Differences Both Psychoanalytic and Humanistic theories differ from one another in many ways.
Their contradictive views on psychology are indeed evident. One most prominent difference is their views on human nature and the impact of society. Psychoanalytic psychologist views humans as inherently bad. They believe that we are all born with an evil and selfish monster within ourselves - the id.
The id operates solely on the pleasure principal, it only desires to get immediate pleasure and avoid pain, not being considerate about moral values or how harmful it may be to others McLeod, Meaning, it seeks unrealistic ways to fulfil its cravings.
They believe that, deep down in our unconscious mind, we are all lusting for the most revolting and disgusting pleasures, and that we are aware of only the safe and filtered versions of our original erotic and destructive compulsions.
To them, society is seen as an anchor that instills moral values — the ego and superego — into men.
Humanistic psychologist on the other hand, views human nature as fundamentally good. They have a relatively positive view on men, and criticize the psychoanalytic point of view. Instead of being born wicked, they feel that humans are basically born upright. They emphasized that a person has the free will and plays an important role in shaping how they behave.
Their views on society, is far less favourable. They believe that society is the destructive force onto the once virtuous human being. Another differing perspective between the Psychoanalytic and Humanistic theories is their thoughts on development of personality.The end of the psychotherapy relationship is a difficult phase of therapy.
Perhaps the second most difficult one, next to actually making the decision to try out psychotherapy in the first place. Published: Mon, 5 Dec There are several key concepts in the psychoanalytic theory; Freuds view of human nature being deterministic is one of them.
The term deterministic or determinism in short means to be born with it, Corey () stated that “according to Freud, our behavior is determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations, and biological and instinctual drives” (p).
1 Published in The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 39(3), The partnership of psychoanalysis and psychiatry in the treatment of psychosis and borderline states: its evolution in North America.
Free Essays words | ( pages) | Preview The Red Tent by Anita Diamant - The Red Tent by Anita Diamant The author and her times Anita Diamant, author of the historic fiction novel, The Red Tent, is a devout Jewish-American living in Newtonville, Massachusetts with her husband and daughter, Emilia.
Film, Freud and Fitzgerald: A Psychoanalytical Critique of The Great Gatsby and Jazz Age Values by Miles Greene Background and Relevance Emeryville. Emeryville, a small city of less than 1, residents, rests in the near-center of the Bay Area, a region in California known for its diversity and social politics as much as its wide income gap.
15 Common Defense Mechanisms. Related Articles. Pages: 1 2 All. John M. Grohol, Psy.D. Dr. John Grohol is the founder & CEO of Psych Central.
He is an author, researcher and expert in mental.