Scientific research involves a systematic process that focuses on being objective and gathering a multitude of information for analysis so that the researcher can come to a conclusion. This process is used in all research and evaluation projects, regardless of the research method scientific method of inquiry, evaluation research, or action research.
The following steps outline a simple and effective strategy for writing a research paper. Depending on your familiarity with the topic and the challenges you encounter along the way, you may need to rearrange these steps.
Identify and develop your topic Selecting a topic can be the most challenging part of a research assignment. Since this is the very first step in writing a paper, it is vital that it be done correctly.
The following steps outline a simple and effective strategy for writing a research paper. Depending on your familiarity with the topic and the challenges you encounter along the way, you may need to rearrange these steps. Research Paper Outline Examples Once you've decided what topic you will be writing about, the next thing you should pay attention to is the scope of your paper or . Outline and explain the research into life changes as a source of stress Stress is the response that occurs when we think the demands being placed on us are greater than our ability to cope - Outline and Explain Research Into Life Changes as a Source of Stress introduction. Stress, if left unresolved, could lead.
Here are some tips for selecting a topic: Select a topic within the parameters set by the assignment. Many times your instructor will give you clear guidelines as to what you can and cannot write about. Failure to work within these guidelines may result in your proposed paper being deemed unacceptable by your instructor.
Select a topic of personal interest to you and learn more about it. The research for and writing of a paper will be more enjoyable if you are writing about something that you find interesting.
Select a topic for which you can find a manageable amount of information. Do a preliminary search of information sources to determine Outline and explain research into life existing sources will meet your needs. If you find too much information, you may need to narrow your topic; if you find too little, you may need to broaden your topic.
Your instructor reads hundreds of research papers every year, and many of them are on the same topics topics in the news at the time, controversial issues, subjects for which there is ample and easily accessed information. Stand out from your classmates by selecting an interesting and off-the-beaten-path topic.
Still can't come up with a topic to write about? See your instructor for advice. Once you have identified your topic, it may help to state it as a question. For example, if you are interested in finding out about the epidemic of obesity in the American population, you might pose the question "What are the causes of obesity in America?
Do a preliminary search for information Before beginning your research in earnest, do a preliminary search to determine whether there is enough information out there for your needs and to set the context of your research.
Look up your keywords in the appropriate titles in the library's Reference collection such as encyclopedias and dictionaries and in other sources such as our catalog of books, periodical databases, and Internet search engines.
Additional background information may be found in your lecture notes, textbooks, and reserve readings. You may find it necessary to adjust the focus of your topic in light of the resources available to you. Locate materials With the direction of your research now clear to you, you can begin locating material on your topic.
There are a number of places you can look for information: If you are looking for books, do a subject search in the Alephcatalog. A Keyword search can be performed if the subject search doesn't yield enough information. Print or write down the citation information author, title,etc.
Note the circulation status. When you locate the book on the shelf, look at the books located nearby; similar items are always shelved in the same area. The Aleph catalog also indexes the library's audio-visual holdings.
Choose the databases and formats best suited to your particular topic; ask at the librarian at the Reference Desk if you need help figuring out which database best meets your needs.
Many of the articles in the databases are available in full-text format. Use search engines GoogleYahooetc. Evaluate your sources See the CARS Checklist for Information Quality for tips on evaluating the authority and quality of the information you have located.
Your instructor expects that you will provide credible, truthful, and reliable information and you have every right to expect that the sources you use are providing the same.
This step is especially important when using Internet resources, many of which are regarded as less than reliable. Make notes Consult the resources you have chosen and note the information that will be useful in your paper.
Be sure to document all the sources you consult, even if you there is a chance you may not use that particular source.Outline and explain the research into life changes as a source of stress Stress is the response that occurs when we think the demands being placed on us are greater than our ability to cope.
Explain some of the difficulties of conducting research into the effects of playing video games. (5) One of the problems with experimental studies of video games and aggression is ecological validity. The following steps outline a simple and effective strategy for writing a research paper.
Depending on your familiarity with the topic and the challenges you encounter along the way, you may need to rearrange these steps. An outline is a plan for or a summary of a writing project or speech.
"The working outline (or scratch outline or informal outline) is a private affair—fluid, subject to constant revision, made without attention to form, and destined for the wastebasket.
But enough working outlines have been. Exam questions/mark schemes for stress and life events/daily hassles. Complete the question.
How would you answer this? Outline and evaluate research into life changes as sources of stress (8) AO1 = 4 marks Knowledge of research AO2 = 4 marks Evaluation of research. Research Paper Outline Examples Once you've decided what topic you will be writing about, the next thing you should pay attention to is the scope of your paper or .