Refining a research paper

Tips for Selecting a Research Topic For many academic courses, a major portion of your grade will depend on the successful completion of a project requiring library research, and since you will probably devote a significant amount of time and effort to the project, it makes sense to select a rewarding topic.

Refining a research paper

See also "Academic Writing" Video - What you find on this page A semester paper Refining a research paper a project paper at the university is based on a research topic. A research topic is the research question you are going to answer in your paper.

The process of finding a good research topic may seem difficult the first time. But we will provide you with helpful tools that can help you along the way. Courses, modules and research topics You will encounter concepts such as courses, modules and research topics.

We explain them in these terms: Each course is divided into several modules or themes.

Narrowing Down the Research Paper Question

Some of these will only be covered by the curriculum, while others are also addressed in lectures. A module can also be split into several sub-modules. A research topic can be both a research question and a hypothesis.

You can phrase your topic as a question, but this is not a requirement. Examples of research questions and hypotheses. Video - how to define your research topic Methods for formulating and choosing a module Brainstorming Brainstorming can be a useful tool in the search for a topic for your paper.

Find a place where you can relax in peace and quiet while writing down topics from your lectures and curriculum. You might come across topics that are not included in the curriculum, but that are nevertheless relevant to your course.

When choosing a topic, you should choose one that you: A complex topic is too extensive for a term paper of pages. You may need to edit the topic you have chosen and narrow it.

This is the step towards defining a research topic. A mind map can be a helpful tool for refining a topic. When using a mind map, you divide the topic into several sub-topics.

Then you divide each sub-topic into another level of sub-topics. Moreover, a mind map can reveal interesting connections between the different sub-topics. For example, suppose you are going to write a paper on the topic of genetics.

Genetics is a topic of interest to physicians, technologists, scientists, social scientists, humanists and lawyers, among others. Genetics is a very broad topic that must be narrowed.


To simplify our figure, we have only included three sub-topics. Can you think of any others? You need to refine further with yet another circle. If you find related sub-topics, connect them by drawing a new line.


Other tools for brainstorming are also available. Perhaps this could form the basis for an interesting topic? Differences in legislation and the consequences of these could also be a topic of interest. You will spend many hours working on your paper, so you are best off choosing a subject and a research topic you find interesting.

After making your choice, you should evaluate whether it is realistic for you to finish your paper in time.

Defining a research topic Your research topic can be based either on an observed phenomenon or on facts. Let us say you have noticed the different legislation in Norway and the USA when it comes to using biological criminal evidence in the investigation of criminal acts.

You are particularly interested in environmental crimes, such as stealing eggs, hunting and catching birds in danger of extermination. So you want to examine whether differences in legislation within this field have any consequences for solving these crimes, and if so - what are they?

As an example, your research topic could be defined like this: If the paper becomes too extensive, you need to choose the most important aspects. Try it yourself Now try formulating your own research topic relevant to the paper you are going to write.

Try using different kinds of question words to formulate a theme in your research topic.Re-refining of used lubricating oil. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 6, Issue 3, March Base oil, contaminants, crude oil, lubricating oil, re-refining.

The challenge is to transform a novel research question into a valid study design which is the next step in refining a research question.

Refining a research paper

SUMMARY Asking a well-formulated research question is a starting point in conducting a quality research project and in evidence-based clinical practice. Refining your research question can be a very important aspect – if your research question is too broad, it will be difficult to cover the topic in your research paper.

As well, if your research topic is too narrow, it will be difficult to find enough research material and write an adequately in-depth paper. The current paper reports on the research we conducted to support the U.S. EPA and its work with the petroleum refining industry in developing its Energy Guide.

The Energy Guide is. Focus on the PICOT model for guiding the development of research questions. Review the section beginning on page 75 of the course text, titled, “Developing and Refining Research Problems” in the course text,(Marquis & Huston) which focuses on analyzing the feasibility of a research problem.

paper will also discuss literature outside nursing pertaining to mentoring. Definition of Mentoring in Nursing Mentoring relationships are important to nurses throughout their careers (Ali & Panther.

Defining a Research Problem - What exactly should you investigate?