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Romanticism in English poetry is a reaction against neo-classical formalism of the 18th Century. The literary ideal of 18th Century England was bound by tradition, one ruled by formal observance of ancient modes and conventions.
This was the natural outcome of an aristocratic outlook on life, which tried to hold fast to tradition. But the challenges were very much in the air. The wind of freedom began to blow across Europe, and gradually it developed into a violent revolutionary storm, culminating in the French Revolution.
It was hailed by the poets with enthusiasm—"Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive", prodaimed Wordsworth. At the same time, the economic unsettlement that came in the wake of the Industrial Revolution increased the miseries of the poor and created widespread discontent.
There was a visible change in popular mind.
Restlessness, a vague discontent and desire for change, a yearning for a fuller and richer life gradually permeated the minds of men. Men now wanted to go back to Nature—nature that was neglected and was conspicuous by its absence in poetry of the previous Age.
The term Romanticism is applied generally to this mood that emerged in the then European society. Freedom was its life-breath; imagination was it instrument.
Its passion for freedom made it revolutionary and iconoclastic. Romanticism disfavors the existing tendency to roam in the realm of fancy. In one sense, it may be looked upon as the apotheosis or the worship or depression of the luxury melancholy; what could not be realized in actuality was glorified in the imagination in symbolic forms.
This accounts for the co-existence in Romantic poetry of the ecstasy of aspiration and the agony of despair, the yearning for an ideal and the pain of non-realisation.
The agony and yearning of the Romantic mind arose out of its sensitive response to human sufferings; its imaginary dreams and visions gave it an artistic self-sufficiency.
As a reaction against the imperfections or incompleteness of the human world. Romantic poets tried to escape into an ideal world conceived by the imagination in various forms. Wordsworth sought in the beauty and peace of Nature the deepest realisation of this soul.
Coleridge valued wandering in a symbolical world formed by escaping into the medieval world linked with his one mystical imgination. Scott went back to the past in order to idealise those grand feudal virtues.
Byron proclaimed his rebellion against human institutions, and laughed in scorn at the hypocrisies of the noble class to which he himself belonged; Shelley with breathless impatience pursued a mirage which he called love through sky and ocean and earth, seeking to embody it in dazzling but fleeting imageries.
Keats discovered the soul of Universal Beauty in the Truths of life and Nature, the quiet haunts of beauty of the legendary medievalism, which enraptured him. All these illustrate the rich diversities of Romantic imagination, as well as their magnificent sweep. Romanticism of the early l9th Century England has been defined as strangeness added to beauty.
It is the renaissance re-birth through return to the of wonder open-air Nature and investing her with a new halo.
The Romantic poets were especially gifted with two qualities,—of reception and transmutation. These went to enrich their poetry in a thousand ways; with new images full of beauty and suggestiveness, extended horizons and ethereal heights.
In a word, Romanticism brought back into English literature something of the range and vigour that belonged to the Elizabethans. The Romantic poets diversified the lyric measures to suit a variety of emotions.
These writers created the historical novel and the Imaginary Conversation London ; they extended the scope of the essay and the range of literary criticism.In the Romantic Period in England there was a shift taking place in literature.
|Neoclassical vs. Romantic||One of Wordsworth's most famous poems is "Daffodils. Many people were forced off their small farms and out of their cottage industries.|
|Percy Bysshe Shelley||Hire Writer I will say that Romantic era is seen as an important literary movement which began in West Europe during 17th century and went on till the second half of 18th century.|
|Romantic Period Poets Essay Example For Students | Artscolumbia||Fresh ideals came to the fore; in particular, the ideal of freedom, long cherished in Englandwas being extended to every range of human endeavour.|
|How did Shelley's career at Oxford University end?||During this time, literature began to move in channels that were not entirely new but were in strong contrast to the standard literary practice of the eighteenth century. How the word romantic came to be applied to this period is something of a puzzle.|
Poets of the time period believed that a personal relationship with God or the Universe was more important than a larger collective religious or political one. The introduction of the Romantic Period in the Norton.
Romanticism, first defined as an aesthetic in literary criticism around , gained momentum as an artistic movement in France and Britain in the early decades of . Beginning early in the 17th century, American authors and poets alike began the great shift in writing now known as the romantic period.
This movement in literature has many influences, themes, and writing styles that can be highlighted with important works and authors. The romantic period is a term applied to the literature of approximately the first third of the nineteenth century.
During this time, literature began to move in channels that were not entirely new but were in strong contrast to the standard literary practice of the eighteenth century. There were many unique aesthetic that in sensibilities of the Romantic poets, these could be consider nationalism, love for nature, exoticism, emotion versus ratio In terms of the supernatural, The Romantic supernatural and included it in their works.
- Romantic Movement in American Literature Throughout the time in American history that is reputed to be the romantic period, there were two artists that began to stray from the traditional poetry writing methods; Walt Whitman and Emily Dickson.