Bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics. Viral pneumonia is treated with antiviral medicines, if it is diagnosed early enough, and antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent against secondary infections or complications. Usually, a doctor will examine the patient after a complaint of certain symptoms. This may involve chest X-rays and a blood test, but more testing may be arranged if the symptoms are bad or if doctors are trying to distinguish between other health problems.
Acute bronchitis and pneumonia are both caused by an infection, while chronic bronchitis is caused by lung irritation. Causes of bronchitis Acute bronchitis is usually caused by a virus. In both viral and bacterial bronchitis, germs enter the bronchial tubes of your lungs and cause irritation.
Sometimes, a cold or other respiratory infection turns into bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is caused by frequent exposure to things that irritate your lungs, such as cigarette smoke, polluted air, or dust. Causes of pneumonia Pneumonia usually results from a virus, bacteria, or fungi.
Inhaling irritants can also cause it.
When these germs or irritants enter the alveoli in your lungs, you can develop pneumonia. There are several types of pneumonia, depending on the underlying cause: Bacterial pneumonia is caused by bacteria. The most common type of bacterial pneumonia is called pneumococcal pneumonia, which is caused by the Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria.
Viral pneumonia is caused by a virus, such as the influenza virus. Mycoplasma pneumonia is caused by tiny organisms called Mycoplasma that have characteristics for both viruses and bacteria.
Fungal pneumonia is caused by fungi, such as Pneumocystis jiroveci. Pneumonia happens when these enter your alveoli, which are small air sacs in your lungs.
Your doctor can use the same techniques to diagnose both bronchitis and pneumonia. Crackling, bubbling, whistling, or rattling sounds could be signs that you have either bronchitis or pneumonia.
Depending on your symptoms, they may do some additional testing, such as: This involves taking a sample of the phlegm you cough up and analyzing it for specific germs. These can help your doctor see where the infection is in your lungs, which can help them distinguish between bronchitis and pneumonia.
For this test, your doctor attaches a clip to your finger to measure the amount of oxygen in your blood. In this test, your doctor has you blow into a device called a spirometerwhich measures how much air your lungs can hold and how forcefully you can blow that air out.
Bacterial pneumonia and acute bronchitis are both treated with antibiotics. For viral cases, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral drug. If you have chronic bronchitis, your doctor may prescribe a breathing treatment or steroid drug that you inhale into your lungs. The medicine helps to reduce inflammation and clear mucus from your lungs.
For more severe cases, your doctor might also prescribe supplemental oxygen to help you breathe. Regardless of the cause, follow these tips to speed up your healing time: Get plenty of rest. Drink plenty of fluids to loosen up the mucus in your lungs. Water, clear juices, or broths are the best choices.A new study finds that you can build strength in just 13 minutes with a single, brief set of each exercise, if you work really hard.
By GRETCHEN REYNOLDS. What Is Pneumonia?
Status Who Is Affected? What Happens? Causes Symptoms Treatment Prevention Immunization Schedules World Pneumonia Day. What Is Pneumonia? Pneumonia is a commonly seen inflammation of the lungs, mostly a complication to upper airway infection and other conditions, like CHARGE alphabetnyc.com lung parenchyma gets infected, causing consolidation and filling of the alveolar spaces with exudate, fibrin and inflammatory cells.
Type B Influenza: Introduction. Type B Influenza: Type B influenza is a subtype of the influenza virus that tends to occur sporadically - can cause epidemics but not pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical .
INTRODUCTION. Influenza (commonly called the flu) is a highly contagious illness that can occur in children or adults of any age.
It occurs more often in the winter months because people spend more time in close contact with one another. Learn about influenza (flu) symptoms, treatment with antiviral drugs, flu shot side effects, and prevention during flu season. Discover when to get flu shots, how long the flu lasts, the contagious period, flu types (influenza A, B, and C), and how it spreads.