Go to Brian Martin's publications Telecommunications can play a vital role in nonviolent resistance to aggression or repression, as shown by numerous historical examples. Yet there has been no systematic development of telecommunications research, policy or training for this purpose. We interviewed a number of experts in telecommunications to learn how these technologies could be used in nonviolent struggle.
Noted below are some of the key areas of impact: Telecommunications provides a technological foundation for societal communications. Communication plays a central role in the fundamental operations of a society—from business to government to families.
In fact, communication among people is the essence of what distinguishes an organization, community, or society from a collection of individuals. Communication—from Web browsing to cell phone calling to instant messaging—has become increasingly integrated into how we work, play, and live.
Telecommunications enables participation and development. Telecommunications plays an increasingly vital role in enabling the participation and development of people in communities and nations disadvantaged by geography, whether in rural areas in the United States or in developing nations in the global society and economy.
Telecommunications provides vital infrastructure for national security.
From natural disaster recovery, to homeland security, to communication of vital intelligence, to continued military superiority, telecommunications plays a pivotal role. When the issue is countering an adversary, it is essential not only to preserve telecommunications capability, but also to have a superior capability.
There are potential risks associated with a reliance on overseas sources for innovation, technologies, applications, and services. It is difficult to predict the future impact of telecommunications technologies, services, and applications that have not yet been invented. Telecommunications and the U.
Economy The telecommunications industry is a major direct contributor to U. Census Bureau estimates that just over 3 percent of the U. At 3 percent, telecommunications thus represented more than a third of the total fraction of GDI spent on information technology IT; 7.
In fact, the fraction attributable to telecommunications is probably larger relative to that of IT than these figures suggest, given that much of the GDI from IT hardware particularly semiconductors could apply to any of several industries computing, telecommunications, media, and electronics, for example.
The National Academies Press. Telecommunications is a growth business. Although markedly reduced investment in some parts of the sector following the bubble years of the late s may have given an impression of low growth in the long run, a longer-term view taking into account the need for humans and machines to communicate suggests that telecommunications will continue to grow apace, as evidenced by the ongoing expansion of wireless and broadband access services throughout the world.
Telecommunications is also a key enabler of productivity across the U. In the s the U. GDP grew rapidly, and the U. It is widely believed that the Internet economy played a significant role in this success.
For the United States to compete in the global marketplace—across industries—it needs the productivity that comes from enhancements in telecommunications.
If the telecommunications infrastructure in the United States were to fall significantly behind that of the rest of the world, the global competitiveness of all other U.
Conversely, the growth in U. Telecommunications has been and likely will continue to be an important foundation for innovative new industries arising in the United States that use telecommunications as a primary technological enabler and foundation.
Recent examples of innovative new businesses leveraging telecommunications include Yahoo! Telecom- 4 GDI estimates for from U.
Jorgenson and Kevin J. Page 10 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Finally, telecommunications is an important component of the broader IT industry, which is sometimes viewed as having three technology legs: The boundaries between these areas are not very distinct, but this decomposition helps illustrate the breadth of IT and the role that telecommunications plays.
Increasingly IT systems must incorporate all three elements to different degrees, 8 and it is increasingly common for companies in any sector of IT to offer products with a communications component, and often with a communications emphasis. Increasing numbers of businesses compete globally. Every company and every industry must assess the segments and niches in which it operates to remain globally competitive.
Both Asian and European nations are continuing to pursue strategies that exploit perceived U. Leapfrogging the United States in telecommunications has, in the opinion of the committee, been an explicit and stated strategy for a number of Asian in broadband and wireless and European in wireless nations for the past decade, with notable success.
These efforts have aimed to stimulate the rapid penetration of physical-layer technologies for residential access broadband access, especially in Asia and wireless and mobile access cellular networks, especially in Europe.
What Are the Implications Today?Nonviolent struggle is a political technique that needs to be un- derstood in its own right, not explained or assessed by an assumption of its close association or identity with quite different phenomena.
CANVAS sees itself as the successor to a host of non-violent campaigners from India's Mohandas Gandhi to Martin Luther King Jr. CANVAS has become known for its work with nonviolent democratic movements worldwide through the transfer of knowledge on strategies and tactics of nonviolent struggle.
Thorough organization is crucial to the success of nonviolent struggle in any context. Gandhi, for example, emphasized this. However, the importance of good organization has not always been recognized and this accounts for the failure of some nonviolent struggles in the past.
• Nonviolent struggle was a major factor in the “people power” revolution that causes the collapse of the Ferdinand Marcos’ dictatorship in the Philippines. Among their many actions, nonviolent resisters in this struggle protected Army units that withdrew their loyalty from the regime. • The Solidarity organization in Poland.
|Organization | Nonviolent Campaign Strategy||Yet there has been no systematic development of telecommunications research, policy or training for this purpose.|
The Importance of Nonviolent Resistance According to Martin Luther King Jr. words. 1 page. A Biography of Mohandus Gandhi. 1, words. 3 pages. The Importance of Telecommunications for Nonviolent Struggle.
3, words. 8 pages. An Introduction to the Literature by Martin Luther King. words. 2 pages. The Impact of Mahatma . David Chappell is professor of history at the University of Oklahoma and author of "Waking from the Dream: The Struggle for Civil Rights in the Shadow of Martin Luther King, Jr" and other books on.